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 Labor Market and Human Resources in Krakow and Małopolska

The basis of labor law in Poland is regulated by the Labor Code Act dated June 26, 1974 (along with sub sequent changes). Protection of labor law is included, among others in the Constitution of the Republic of Poland of April 2, 1997 and numerous rulings of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Poland

 



Modern Business and R&D Services in Krakow and Małopolska

 

The presented report aims to describe the functioning of the modern business and the R&D sectors in the Małopolskie province.In the area of modern business services in Małopolska, we note, among others, the largest employment and its annual growth, high competitiveness and, finally, very good development prospects. Despite the growing competition, the Małopolska business services market is dynamically developing in terms of: capital, human resources and infrastructure. A different situation prevails in the research and development sector. Despite the very good infrastructure and many investment incentives, this sector is experiencing a slight decline.

 

 

REAL ESTATE MARKET IN KRAKÓW AND MAŁOPOLSKA

Małopolska is not a uniform real estate market. Kraków, the capital of the region and at the same time the second largest city in terms of the number of inhabitants in Poland, definitely stands out from the other cities and subregions of the province and constitutes a separate market characterized by much higher demand and supply indicators – and thus also higher turnover and prices both retail space and flats (according to the Central Statistical Office in 2016, Kraków occupied a leading position among Polish cities, in terms of the number of dwellings completed). Mainly thanks to its capital, Małopolska invariably is ranked fourth in the ranking of regional investment attractiveness published by Instytut Badań nad Gospodarką Rynkową (Institute for Market Economy Research)

 

 

ICT SECTOR IN KRAKÓW AND MAŁOPOLSKA

The concept of ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) covers a wide range of all technologies that allow manipulation and transmission of information3. Regional Strategy of Innovation in Małopolskie province 2020 defines ICT as all activities involving „production and use of telecomunications and IT devices and related services, as well as the collection, processing, sharing of information in electronic form using digital techniques and any electronic communication tools. Multimedia and companies from the creative sector using information and communication technologies play a special role in this area of key specialization in the region”4. The ICT sector is therefore the whole of enterprises whose main activity is the production and operation of IT and telecommunications equipment (hardware) and related services, as well as software and applications; their economic profile also includes activities related to the collection, processing and sharing of information using digital techniques and electronic communication tools.
 

How to do business in Małopolska? Now it's easy with our publication:

 

 

Małopolska is a region in southern Poland. The southern border of the region is also the Polish border with Slovakia. To the west, the Region borders with Silesia; to the north – with the Świętokrzyskie Region; and – to the east - with the Podkarpackie Region. The capital of the region and its economic center is located in Krakow. Tarnow and Nowy Sacz are also strong urban centers. From the point of view of investments, such district towns as Chrzanow, Oswiecim, Bochnia or Wieliczka are also of great importance. The whole region is extremely diverse, making its offer comprehensive. Małopolska is characterized by dynamic development that ensures sustainable growth. For entrepreneurs, this means a friendly, competitive and attractive business environment. The present report aims to provide some insights into the advantages that come with investing in the Małopolska region. It also sets out to address the basic principles and forms of doing business in Poland. Although it is aimed primarily at the foreign investors, its strictly practical dimension may also make it quite useful for the domestic ones. Basic data and information on the Małopolska region have been presented in a rather concise manner, yet at the same time giving the gist of this region of Poland is just perfect for investing in.

 

 

 

The Małopolska (Lesser Poland) Province, together with the historical capital of Poland, Kraków, is one of the best recognizable regions in Europe. Exceptional wealth of the natural environment, monuments and historical heritage known around the world, i.e. Kraków’s Old City and the Jewish district of Kazimierz, Salt Mines in Wieliczka and Bochnia, the Auschwitz concentration camp, attract 10–12 million guests every year. This is also an academic and scientific hub. Every year, approx. 200,000 young people study at Małopolska universities; research work is conducted in over 100 R&D institutes, in domestic and foreign companies. Here, tradition and modernity have created exceptional agricultural and food products, processing industry artefacts and farming produce which are greatly appreciated on foreign markets.

 


 

 

Małopolska is also an academic and scientific hub. Every year, approx. 200,000 young people study at Małopolska’s universities; research work is conducted in over 100 R&D institutes, in domestic and foreign companies.
Also here, modernity based on the best traditions of the Polish business is applied in innovative technologies for the construction industry. This is one of the fastest growing sectors of the region’s economy. In this way, the achievements of Kraków’s engineering schools are used to meet the challenges faced by the markets, address the demand for environment-friendly and energy-efficient technologies that are used in broadly defined construction processes. We encourage you to read on and contact the Business in Małopolska Centre.

 

 

On average, Poles spend over 2200 PLN (approx. 510–520 EUR) annually on clothing, footwear and underwear. More than half of this, about 1300 PLN are clothing expenses, 700 PLN is spent on footwear and 500 PLN on sportswear.
Clothing, underwear and footwear are most frequently purchased in shopping centres (65%) and in popular chain stores (61%); the least frequent purchases in this category are made in hypermarkets (8%), discount stores and mail houses (3% each). The community of creators and designers coming from Krakow universities strongly emphasises their presence in the local market. Exotic designs increasingly penetrate the clothing and footwear industry in Małopolska. And because of the widespread use of social media and online communications, local businesses are beginning to spread to clients scattered all over the world through online shops.

 

 

The Małopolska Region, along with Krakow, the historical capital of Poland, is one of the most recognisable regions in Europe. Exceptional wealth of the natural environment, monuments and historical heritage known around the world, such as Krakow’s Old Town and Kazimierz, the Salt Mines in Wieliczka and Bochnia, the Auschwitz concentration camp, attract 10–12 million visitors every year.
Modernity, based on the best traditions of Polish business, is also applied here in innovative technologies in areas that are the strong side of regional and global economy. Małopolska universities, with excellent computer science, automation and electronics faculties, offer highlyeducated experts in the most demanding areas of modern engineering and programming.
The support given to Małopolska start-ups, well-developed R&D institution sector and an international structure of companies operating in the region make Małopolska the perfect place for education, innovation and entering global IT markets.

 


 

The Małopolska (Lesser Poland) Region, together with the historical capital of Poland, Kraków, is one of the best recognizable regions in Europe. Exceptional wealth of the natural environment, monuments and historical heritage known around the world, i.e. Kraków’s Old City and the Jewish district of Kazimierz, Salt Mines in Wieliczka and Bochnia, the Auschwitz concentration camp, attract 10–12 million guests every year.
This is also an academic and scientific hub. Every year, approx. 200,000 young people study at Małopolska universities; research work is conducted in over 100 R&D institutes, in domestic and foreign companies.
It is also in Małopolska that innovation, rooted in the best tradition of Polish entrepreneurship, makes the broadly defined electrical and machine industry one of the strongest assets of the regional economy, and products “made in Małopolska” gain recognition on the most demanding markets around the globe.

 

 

The most important export goods from Małopolska include food products, metal and rubber products, plastic products and wooden products (including woodwork and furniture). Subsequent places in the ranking are occupied by machine products and chemical products. Goods from the IT sector, i.e. software and computer games are increasing their share in export. Małopolska is practically a monopolist in the export of car radiators – the entire range of offer of these products derives from our region.
In the recent years, the export value of goods of lesser significance in the total scale of export grew, i.e. export of pearls, gems, precious metals and products grew by 51%, export of live animals and animal products grew by 20%, export of furniture, prefabricated products and toys grew by 16%. In the case of key products, i.e. machines and plant and electrical and electrotechnical equipment, the value of exports increased by 6%.

 

There are several dozen thousand cosmetics salons and Spa & Wellness centres operating in Poland. Development requires that they constantly raise the quality of their services. New technologies and the updating of knowledge are an important part of the competitive struggle. Many of them are located in our region. These are modern cosmetics institutes with a rich offer of broadly-defined biological renewal. Poland is one of the largest markets for Spa & Wellness services in Central and Eastern Europe – 600 facilities offering spa, medical spa and sanatorium services creates enormous potential for tourists.
Małopolska has all the advantages of a region where the offer of services in the field of beauty care, health care or healthy recreation is becoming one of the most important “regional products”. This type of caring for an excellent condition, great appearance and well-being is winning over more and more customers from Poland, Europe and the world. The region ranks second in Poland in terms of officially registered health resort areas. At the same time, it is the richest region in the country in terms of size, diversity, quality and use of waters with therapeutic values. The most popular health resorts include Krynica Zdrój, Rabka Zdrój, Muszyna, Szczawnica, Swoszowice, Piwniczna Zdrój and Wysowa Zdrój. Foreign patients come mainly from Germany (34%), Russia (18%), Ukraine (14%) and the UK (10%). VIP customers use exclusive salons in Kraków and in hotels located in towns of landscape value in the areas of Podhale, Pieniny and the Beskid ranges.